Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions:

There is a strange paradox to the success of the Asian education model. On the one hand, class sizes are huge by Western standards with between 30 and 40 students per class, in countries like Japan and Korea. On the other hand, school children in developed Asian economies rank among the highest in the world for academic achievement in the areas of science and mathematics, especially on standardised tests. Meanwhile, British secondary school students fail to shine in conditions most educational researchers would say are far more likely to help them succeed. Classroom management seems to be easier in places like Korea, and perhaps lessons are more effective as a direct consequence. After all, we are only too aware of the decline in discipline standards in our own school: belligerent and disrespectful students appear to be the norm these days. Teachers in Britain seem powerless to control what happens anymore. Surely this situation cannot create a very effective learning environment, so perhaps the number of students is far less relevant than is the manner in which they conduct themselves. But there are other factors to consider, too. There is the home environment. The traditional family unit still remains relatively intact in Korea. Few children come from broken homes, so there is a sense of security, safety and trust both at home and at school. In Britain meanwhile, one in every two marriages fails and divorce rates are sky high. Perhaps children struggle to cope with unstable family conditions and their only way to express their frustration is by misbehaving at school. But while the Japanese, Korean and Asian models generally do seem to produce excellent results, the statistics don’t tell the whole truth. You see, behind those great maths and science scores, there is a quite remarkable work ethic. Asian students tend to put their education before literally everything else. They do very few extracurricular activities and devote far more time to their studies than their British peers. There has been a lot of attention and praise given to these Asian models and their “impressive” statistics of late. And without question, some of this praise is justified, but it seems to be a case of two extremes in operation here. At one end, there is the discipline and unbelievably hard work ethic of the Asian students – success in education before all else. At the other end, British students at times appear careless and extremely undisciplined by comparison, but at least they do have the free time to enjoy their youth and explore their interests. Is either system better outright? Or is it perhaps about time we stopped comparing and started trying to combine the best bits of both, so that we can finally offer our students a balanced, worthwhile education?   

Question: The traditional family unit_______.         


A. is more common in Korean than in Britain         


B. is disappearing in Korean due to high divorce rates         


C. is bad for children that come from broken homes            


D. is unstable in Korean due to conditions in the home

Đáp án và lời giải
Đáp án:A
Lời giải:

Đáp án A

Hệ thống gia đình truyền thống...

A. phổ biến ở Hàn Quốc hơn là ở Anh

B. đang mất dần ở Hàn Quốc bởi tỷ lệ ly hôn cao

C. không tốt cho những đứa trẻ xuất thân từ gia đình đổ vỡ

D. là không ổn định ở Hàn Quốc do điều kiện của mỗi gia đình

Đoạn 3 thể hiện rõ nhất điều này: hệ thống gia đình truyền thống vẫn còn nguyên vẹn ở Hàn, trong khi tỷ lệ ly hôn ở Anh lại ở mức cao.    

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