Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions:

Because writing has become so important in our culture, we sometimes think of it as more real than speech. A little thought, however, will show why speech is primary and writing secondary to language. Human beings have been writing (as far as we can tell from surviving evidence) for at least 5000 years; but they have been talking for much longer, doubtless ever since there have been human beings.

When writing did develop, it was derived from and represented speech, although imperfectly. Even today there are spoken languages that have no written form. Furthermore, we all learn to talk well before we learn to write; any human child who is not severely handicapped physically or mentally will learn to talk: a normal human being cannot be prevented from doing so. On the other hand, it takes a special effort to learn to write. In the past many intelligent and useful members of society did not acquire the skill, and even today many who speak languages with writing systems never learn to read or write, while some who learn the rudiments of those skills do so only imperfectly.

To affirm the primacy of speech over writing is not, however, to disparage the latter. One advantage writing has over speech is that it is more permanent and makes possible the records that any civilization must have. Thus, if speaking makes us human, writing makes us civilized.

Question: The author of the passage argues that ______.  

A.

A: speech is more basic to language than writing

B.

B: writing has become too important in today’s society

C.

C: everyone who learns to speak must learn to write

D.

D: all languages should have a written form

Đáp án và lời giải
Đáp án:A
Lời giải:

Đáp án A

Tác giả trong bài đọc tranh luận rằng => Nói là ngôn ngữ cơ bản hơn viết

Furthermore, we all learn to talk well before we learn to write, any human child who is not severely handicapped physically or mentally will learn to talk: a normal human being cannot be prevented from doing so.  

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